Giardiasis kwiikati

Luxanduva lwethu ukuthatha ikati siyise kugqirha wezilwanyana nanini na igula.

Ukusuka kumzuzu wokuqala sithatha isigqibo sokuhlala nekati kufuneka sazi ukuba, ukongeza kuthando, ukutya, kunye nendawo elungileyo yokuhlala, kuyakudinga ukunakekelwa kwezilwanyana nanini na xa kuyifuna, njengaxa sikrokrela ukuba iyagula. Kwaye zininzi izifo, ezinje nge-giardiasis, ezinokukubeka emngciphekweni ngaphandle kokuba kwenziwe okuthile ukukhusela.

Ayisiyiyo loo nto kuphela, kodwa ikwasasazeka isuka kubantu abane. Kuzo zonke ezi zizathu, Siza kukuxelela konke malunga ne-giardiasis kwiikati.

Giardia, Unobangela wesi sifo

IGiardia lamblia ibonwa ngemicroscope

Giardia yiparotozoan parasite enokubangela ezinye izilwanyana (iikati, izinja, phakathi kwabanye) ukuba ziphuhlise i-giardiasis. Isenokuba loluhlobo UGiardia lamblia o UGiardia intestinalisNgayiphi na imeko, yenziwe njengeprotezoan ye-flagellate enokubonakala kuphela kwimicroscope. Ithatha iintlobo ezimbini: njenge trophocyte, sisidleleli ngokwaso esihlala emathunjini, kunye nohlobo lwe cyst, lelona candelo linzima ngaphandle kweflagellum ebekwe kwilindle lekati.

Nje ukuba i-trophocyte ingene emzimbeni we-feline, isiya emathunjini, ibambelele kwiindonga zayo, ezigcina zikhubazekile. Ngokwenza njalo, eli lungu liza kuqala ukuba neengxaki ekufunxeni amafutha kunye neevithamini eziyimfuneko kwikati.

IGiardiasis, isifo esibi

IGiardiasis sisifo esichaphazela kuqala amathumbu amancinci kunye namathumbu amakhulu ekati. A) Ewe, ivelisa iingxaki zokwetyisa, yintoni impilo yekati ebi kakhulu ngayo. Yintoni egqithisile, nabuphi na uboya bunokuphela bugula, nangona ixhaphake kakhulu kwabo bancinci kakhulu okanye badala kakhulu, okanye kwabo banezikhuselo ezisezantsi, umzekelo ngenxa yesifo seukemia esindayo. Ukuhlala okunoboya kumakhaya okhuseleko kukwangumngcipheko omkhulu.

Sisifo esinzulu, iyosulela kakhulu (phakathi kweekati kunye / okanye izinja, kodwa kwakhona ukusuka kwiikati ukuya ebantwini) kwaye inokubulala xa inganyangwa ngexesha.

Isasazeka njani?

I-Giardiasis ingasasazeka ukusuka kwikati ukuya kwikati emanzini

Ikati yethu ungayifumana nangeyiphi na kwezi ndlela:

  • Ukusela emadamini okanye emikhombeni apho ikati egulayo isele khona.
  • Ngokosuleleka koomama abakhulelweyo (ukusuka kumama kuye ebantwaneni).
  • Ukuba ikati egulayo ikhotha indawo yayo yangasemva, emva koko ikhotha enye inja.
  • Ngokudibana ngqo nelindle elichaphazelekileyo, umzekelo, ngokunganyatheli unyathele kubo emva koko uzikhothe.
  • Ukuba sinekati okanye inja egulayo, inokosulela enye ukuba iyakhotha okanye inonxibelelwano nelindle.

Zithini iimpawu?

Iimpawu zeGiardiasis kwiikati zezi zilandelayo:

  • Urhudo, oluhlala luninzi kwaye lubonakala ukusuka kolunye usuku ukuya kolandelayo
  • Intlungu yesisu
  • Ukuqunjelwa sisisu
  • Ukuphelisa amandla emzimbeni
  • Ukucaphuka
  • Ukuqhaqha
  • Ukuthoba umzimba
  • Ukuphelelwa ngumdla wokutya
  • Ukukhathala
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwamathumbu emathunjini

Kubalulekile ukuba wazi ukuba ezinye iikati azizukubonisa mpawu, kodwa kufanelekile ukwenza uvavanyo kwaye ubanyange kwimeko yokuba bosulelekile.

Uyenza njani into yokuqonda isifo?

IGiardiasis inokufunyanwa kuphela ngemicroscope

Ugqirha wezilwanyana uza kusicela masikuphathele isampuli yestool, esiza kuthatha ukuba sifake iiglavu zerabha ngaphambili. Isampulu iya kuthunyelwa elebhu ukuvavanywa. Kwimeko apho kungafunyanwa nto, eyona nto ikhuselekileyo kukusicela iisampulu ezingakumbi zokuphinda senze olu vavanyo, kuba kuhlala kunzima ukubona ubukho besidleleli.

Olunye ukhetho kukwenza uvavanyo olubizwa ngokuba ngu-Elisa, olukwaziyo ukusixelela ukuba ikati iyagula okanye ayigcini kwimizuzu esibhozo.

Inyangwa njani?

Nje ukuba ugqirha wezilwanyana afumanise ukuba iGiardiasis kubushushu bethu misela amayeza okususa iintshulube oya kuthi uwathathe kangangeentsuku ezisi-7 ukuya kwezi-12 zilandelelana. Kubaluleke kakhulu, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba singalibali usuku olunye lokumnika ipilisi, kungenjalo ii-giardias ziya komelela kwakhona.

Kwakhona, Zonke iindawo apho isilwanyana kufuneka sicoceke khona, ngamanzi ashushu (kufuneka atshise) ngamaconsi ambalwa esitshini sokuhlambela -usenokusebenzisa nebhlitshi Emva kokucoca nganye, siya kulinda indawo ukuba yome ngokupheleleyo ngaphambi kokuba siyeke isilwanyana siye apho.

Enye into ekufuneka siyenzile kukuba akuncede ucoce. Urhudo, ukuba luninzi, lunokushiya amabala kwidyasi. Ngesi sizathu, kuyacetyiswa ukuba unciphise uboya kuloo ndawo kancinci, kwaye uyicoce-uhlala ubeke iirabha ngaphambili-ngamanzi afudumeleyo (malunga ne-37ºC), kunye ne-gauze okanye iitawuli.

Ngaba inokuthintelwa?

Musa ukuvumela ikati yakho ukuba iye ngaphandle. Ngale ndlela uyakuthintela ukuba ungosuleli

Sisifo esibi, kodwa ukuthatha amanyathelo athile kunokuthintelwa:

  • Ngogonyo: ayithinteli i-100%, kodwa into ihlala ingcono kunanto.
  • Coca: Oku kuyacaca. Kufuneka ucoce indlu kunye nezinto ezikulo, ngakumbi itreyi yekati.
  • Ungayivumeli iphume: Ukuba awunxibelelani nezilwanyana zasesitalatweni, umngcipheko wosulelo uya kuncitshiswa kakhulu.
  • Ukuhlolwa: kube kanye ngonyaka kufuneka umse kugqirha wezilwanyana ayokuhlolwa.
  • Mjonge urhudo: Ukuba abadluli kwiintsuku ezimbalwa, qhagamshelana nengcali.

Ndiyathemba ukuba iluncedo kuwe 🙂.


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